- What does Pergamon mean?
It is thought to come from the Luwian language and many sources claim that it means “castle” or “high location”.
- What is the Altar of Zeus made of?
The altar is completely made of marble.
- Where is Pergamon located today?
The ancient city of Pergamon is located in the Bergama district in the north of the Izmir province in the western Türkiye.
- Why is the Pergamon museum controversial?
The main reason is the fact that the Altar of Zeus exhibited inside the museum belongs in the ancient city of Pergamon in western Türkiye.
- How was Pergamon founded?
It was founded after Philetaerus revolted against his own king Lysimachos and seized the treasure left by Alexander the Great.
- What is Pergamon Museum?
It is a archeology museum in Berlin, Germany which houses the Altar of Zeus brought from Pergamon at the end of the 19th century.
- Who was Pergamon founded by?
It was founded by Philetearus, the lieutenant of the King of Thrace Lysimachos in the early 3rd century B.C.
- When was Pergamon built/founded?
The settlement in Pergamon is dated back to the 8th century B.C. and it was first mentioned in Xenophon’s Anabasis in 400/399 B.C.
- Where is the Pergamon Altar located?
Today it is exhibited in the Pergamon Museum in Berlin, Germany.
- Why is Pergamon important?
It is the city where the parchment was invented and the Altar of Zeus was discovered.
- How to pronounce “Pergamon”?
Pergamon is pronounced as /ˈpɜːrɡəmən/ or /ˈpɜːrɡəmɒn/.
- What is the Pergamon Altar?
The Pergamon Altar is the famous Altar of Zeus built by the King Eumenes II in the second half of the 2nd century B.C. as a sign of victory gained against the Galats in the earlier battle.
- Who made the Pergamon Altar?
The construction of the Altar was ordered by the King of Pergamon Eumenes II from the Attalid dynasty.
- When was the Pergamon Altar built?
It was built in the second half of the 2nd century B.C.
- Where is the Pergamon Museum in Berlin?
It is located on the Museum Island in the historic center of Berlin.
- Why was Pergamon founded?
The Kingdom of Pergamon was founded as the Philetearus, the lieutenant of the King of Thrace Lysimachos revolted and seized the tresaure left by Alexander the Great.
- How far is Pergamon from Izmir?
The ancient city of Pergamon is roughly 120 km away from the city center of Izmir.
- What is Pergamon in the Bible?
Pergamon is mentioned in the Bible as one of the Seven Churches of Asia in the Book of Revelation in the New Testament.
- Who discovered the Pergamon altar?
The official excavations in Pergamon was started by the German engineer Carl Humann.
- When was the Pergamon museum built?
It was completed in the year 1930.
- Where was the Pergamon Altar found?
The Pergamon Altar (the Altar of Zeus) was found in the ancient city of Pergamon in the western Türkiye.
- Why is the Pergamon Altar important?
The Pergamon Altar (the Altar of Zeus) is considered as the first altar of the ancient Greek world which was built as a separate altar from any temple.
- How was the Pergamon Altar made?
The Pergamon Altar (the Altar of Zeus) was built completely out of marble in the first half of the 2nd century B.C. during the reign of Eumenes II, the ruler of the Kingdom of Pergamon from the Attalid dynasty.
- What was Pergamon known for?
Pergamon is known as the city in which the parchment was invented, the city of the Pergamon Altar (the Altar of Zeus), and the capital of the Kingdom of Pergamon, which existed between 282 – 129 B.C.
- What was the Pergamon Altar used for?
It was used as a place of offerings for Gods and ritual ceremonies.
- How far is Pergamon from Istanbul?
Pergamon is roughly 400 km away from Istanbul.
- What was Pergamon the capital of?
Pergamon was the capital of the Kingdom of Pergamon.
- How to stay in Pergamon?
Pergamon is an ancient city located in Bergama, Izmir, Türkiye today and in this rural district there are 24 hotels today.